Toolkit | GBV Risk Mitigation in Cash and Voucher Assistance

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Cash and voucher assistance (CVA) is widely used among humanitarian practitioners and is even becoming the go-to modality in several humanitarian responses. While the use of CVA is not inherently riskier than any other modality, actors need to ensure it does not put women and girls at further risk.

Video: How to mitigate Gender-Based Violence (GBV) in Cash and Voucher Assistance (CVA) - also available in Spanish, French, and Arabic

Drawing from field learning and a close engagement with CVA and GBV actors in various contexts, the GBV AoR and UNFPA have developed a user-friendly GBV Risk Mitigation in CVA Toolkit to guide and support CVA and GBV practitioners in identifying and mitigating potential GBV risk in cash programming. Using a bottom-up approach, each tool has been co-drafted with field colleagues and piloted in various settings. Tool 8 is a repository of learning briefs and case studies, illustrating the impact of these tools once contextualized and tailored to the context. 

For an introduction to the Toolkit and the opportunity to hear from field cash experts on their use of the Toolkit, please watch the Toolkit Launch Webinar held on September 7, 2022.

Since the publication of the Toolkit, UNFPA has also published Indicators for GBV Risk Mitigation in Cash Assistance with Supporting Guidance, to enhance practitioners' ability to identify and mitigate GBV risks in cash programming. These indicators were developed in conjunction with the Global Women’s Institute at George Washington University and were based on operational field research in Iraq and Colombia.

Please reach out should you have any comments, feedback, or you need any specific support:

Overview of toolkit


OVERVIEW - GBV-CVA Coordination Toolkit overview (1 page) in:

English: GBV-CVA Coordination Toolkit overview

Spanish: Caja de Herramientas

French: Boîte à outils

Arabic: تخفيف مخاطر العنف القائم على النوع االجتماعي في مجال المساعدة النقدية و بالقسائم الشرائية


TOOL 1 - What is CVA? The basics (3 pages)

English: What is CVA?  & Introductory video

Spanish: Hoja orientativa sobre AEC

French: Fiche conseils sur les TM

Arabic: مذكرة إرشادية: حول المساعدات النقدية والقسائم الشرائية اإلنسانية, الخاصة بصندوق األمم المتحدة للسكان: لمحة عامة عن المساعدات النقدية والقسائم الشرائية


TOOL 2 - Short presentation for Cash Actors on GBV Risk mitigation (9 slides)

English: Short presentation Script for facilitator

Spanish:  Presentación corta & Guión para facilitadores

French: Présentation courte & Script pour les animateurs

Arabic:  كيف يتم الحد من مخاطر العنف القائم على النوع الاجتماعي؟التي تواجهها مساعدات النقد والقسائم؟


TOOL 3 - Editable Matrix for GBV Risk Analysis of CVA (1 page)

English: GBV Risk Analysis Matrix in CVA & How to fill out and use the matrix

Spanish: Plantilla para el análisis de riesgos VBG para AEC & Cómo rellenar y usar la plantilla

French: Tableau pour analyser les risques VBG dans les TM & Comment compléter et utiliser le tableau

Arabic: قالب تحلیل مخاطر العنف القائم علی نوع الأجتماعی & كيفية تعبئة واستخدام مصفوفة مخاطر العنـف القـائـم على النـوع ًالاجتمـاعي في برمجة المساعدات نقدا وبقسائم


TOOL 4 - Focus Group Discussion Guide (FGD) in CVA (3 pages, one with example of questions)

English: FGD tool

Spanish: Guía para FGD

French: Guide de FGD

Arabic:  المسـاعـدة نقـداً وبقسـائم شرائيـة: دليـل المنـاقشـة الجمـاعيـة المركّـزة نحـو السـالمـة للنســاء والفتيـات


TOOL 5 - Women Centered Complaint and Feedback Mechanisms (CFM) in CVA (3 pages, one page of best practices) and Code of Conduct template for CVA programming (3 pages)

English: CFM tool & template Code of Conduct

Spanish: Herramienta CFM & Código de Conducta

French: Outil pour les CFM & Code de Conduite

Arabic االعتبـارات العشـرة الرئيسيـة آللـيـات الشكـاوى والتغـذيــة الـراجـعــة المرتـكـزة حـول النســاء للمسـاعــدة النـقديــة وبالقـســائـم الشـرائيــة &  مُدوَّنة قواعد السلوك للعاملين في المجال الإنساني المشاركين في استجابة


TOOL 6 - Additional Questions for Post-Distribution Monitoring (PDM) (2 pages)

English: Post Distribution Monitoring (PDM) tool & Additional questions for PDM

Spanish: Herramienta PDM & Preguntas adicionales para PDM

French: Outil de suivi post-distribution & Questions à ajouter à l'outil de suivi post-distribution

Arabic: أداة الرصـد مـا بعــد تـوزيـع المسـاعـدة النقـديـة والقسـائـم الشـرائيــة األمـور التي ينبغي مراعـاتها فيما يتعلق بمخـاطر العنـف القائم على النوع االجتمـاعي وتدابـير التخفيف من حدته &  الأسئلة المقترحة للإضافة إلى الرصد ما بعد التوزيع


TOOL 7 - Observation Checklist for CVA Monitoring Missions (2 pages)

English: Observation checklist

Spanish: Lista de verificación

French: Check-list de suivi

Arabic: القــائمـة المرجعيــة للمراقبــة بهدف تحديـد المخـاطر التي تتعـرض لها النسـاء في بـرامج المسـاعدة النقديـة وبالقسـائم الشرائيـة


TOOL 8 - Best practices and lessons learned (2 to 7 pages each)

GBV Risk Analysis of CVA for Ukraine

GBV Risk Analysis of CVA for Moldova

GBV Considerations for Women and Girls - Cash in Ukraine and the Regional Refugee Response -  UNFPA 2022

Afghanistan - Tip Sheet for Cash Actors

Somalia Case Study: CVA & GBV Risk Mitigation

Burundi Case Study #GenderCash Revolution (also in FR, SPA)

Transitioning out of Humanitarian Cash Assistance in Iraq: Critical actions to mitigate and prevent GBV risks

Mainstreaming gender-based violence (GBV) considerations in CVA: key tips for cash actors engaged in the Myanmar response (also in Burmese)

Gender-based violence (GBV) risk mitigation in cash and voucher assistance (CVA) in Colombia: Learning from a joint CVA & GBV workshop (also available in SPA)

Indicators for GBV Risk Mitigation in Cash Assistance with Supporting Guidance 


TOOL 9 - Short induction for cash frontliners on basics of GBV risk mitigation and PSEA (6 slides)

English: Short presentation on GBV risk mitigation and PSEA

Spanish: Breve presentación sobre la mitigación de los riesgos de VBG y el PSEA

French: Courte présentation sur l'atténuation des risques de VBG et la PSEA

Arabic: دورة تدريبية موجزة لموزِّعي الاستحقاقات النقدية