The GBV Area of Responsibility (AoR) is one of four functional components of the Global Protection Cluster, and was founded in 2008. The Protection Cluster is one of 11 humanitarian clusters established by the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC).
The GBV AoR is co-led by UNFPA and UNICEF and facilitated by a Geneva-based coordination team. The membership carries out the work of the AoR through participation in Task Teams that work on various aspects of the AoR’s work plan. The Regional Emergency Gender-based Violence Advisors (REGA) based in regional hubs are responsible for building sustainable GBV coordination capacity at regional and field levels with governments, UN agencies and NGOs.
Since the GBV AoR’s inception, its membership has grown to include a broad base of organizations and individuals who are committed to preventing and responding to GBV in emergencies (GBViE); this includes NGOs, UN agencies, donors, academics and independent experts. Currently over 50 institutions comprise the AoR and come together to ensure that GBViE is designed and implemented into humanitarian programming across all sectors, through all stages, and by all stakeholders.
What is a cluster?
The cluster approach was established as part of the Humanitarian Reform (2005) in response to the identified need for improved accountability and effectiveness in global humanitarian coordination. Clusters are made up of UN and non-UN agencies with defined cluster lead organizations that are accountable for the delivery of adequate humanitarian programming within a key sector. The clusters function at global, regional and country levels where they are activated depending on humanitarian urgency. Each cluster is designated by the Inter-Agency Standing Committee and has a clear mandate.
For more information on the Humanitarian Cluster System please visit: http://www.unocha.org/what-we-do/coordination-tools/cluster-coordination
Who funds the GBV AoR?
The GBV AoR receives funding from both Governmental and Non-Governmental entities.
The GBV AoR is thankful for the generous financial contributions from:
- The Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT)
- The Department for International Development of the United Kingdom (DfID)
- The IASC Gender Standby Capacity Project (GenCap)
- The Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)